There are two ways you can set up a new project in Craft 3, vis-a-vis, via Composer and Manual. Both the methods require extensive technical expertise & understanding of Craft CMS.
With Composer method you have to know your commands and what you’re doing with them but in case of the manual method you just have to perform some simple operations.
Composer Method in Craft CMS
If you have a good understanding of Craft CMS, then you can setup a new Craft project with the some terminal commands.
Though, before installing Craft with composer, do make sure that you’re running Composer version 1.3.0 or above.
Here are the essential steps:
Check the Composer version
Run this command in case your Composer needs updating
When you’ve confirmed that you’re running a compatible version of the Composer, run the following command (substitute with the path where Composer should create the project):
composer create-project craftcms/craft <PATH>
The composer will do all the work and it will display a success message.
Another way is to do it manually.
Manual Method to setup Craft CMS
You will have to download the archive from Craft’s website. Choose the archive format you’re familiar to work with. Extract the archive where you want your Craft project to be saved. Then follow these 5 steps:
Step 1: Setting up permissions
When you’re doing the manual setup, you have to download and extract the Craft archive in the desired place. The extraction will provide you with a Craft directory which has these files in it:
Out of these files, there are some files for which PHP needs access permissions for different users to write on it. The files are:
The permissions are defined on the basis of the relationship between the system user that the PHP is running as and ownership of the folders/files.
- If they are the same user, use 744.
- If they’re in the same group, then use 774.
- If you’re not sure, then use 777.
Step 2: Securing the project with a security key
You have to set up a security key to encrypt the data of your project. Every project in Craft has a unique one. You can also use same security key for multiple environments running Craft.
You can set a unique security key using the terminal or with a password generator. The password generator will help you to create a cryptographically secure key. Now you need to insert the generated key in your .env file.
Open the .env file and insert the security key in between the quotes where it says:
Save the file.
Setting the security key with terminal
Run the following command in your project’s root directory:
Step 3: Creating a database
Craft 3 supports MySQL 5.5+ and PostgreSQL 9.5+. So you can choose your database accordingly. But there are some recommended database settings:
- For MySQL
Default Character Set: utf8
Default Collation: utf8_unicode_ci
- For PostgreSQL
Character Set: UTF8
Step 4: Setting up a web server
With the database done setting up. You need a web server on which you can host your Craft project. Make sure you set the path of it’s document root to-
web/directory(name of the directory)
You will need to update your hosts file if you’re not using any local hosts like MAMP.
You can find your respective host files here
- For macOS/Linux/Unix: /etc/hosts
- For Windows: \Windows\System32\drivers\etc\hosts
Enter http://<HOSTNAME>/index.php?p=admin in the address bar of your browser (substitute <HOSTNAME> with your web server’s host name). Just to check if the setup works.
If there are no errors, Craft’s Setup Wizard will show!
Step 5: Running the setup
You can either run the setup from terminal or from the browser. In the terminal after running the setup command and telling the installer ‘how to connect to the database’, your installation should take care of itself.
Browser setup on the other hand provides an interactive installer to setup your Craft.
Open your terminal to run the command
Answer the questions about how to connect to your database to start the installation. After the installation, you can access your new Craft project.
Open your browser and enter http://<HOSTNAME>/index.php?p=admin (substitute <HOSTNAME> with your web server’s host name) in the address bar of your browser to find Craft’s installer. Follow the instructions and your Craft should be up and running in few minutes.
I. Accept the license agreement
II. Enter the Database information
III. Create an admin account
IV. Enter the preferred system name, URL and language
You’re all set to tweak the website from your Craft control panel.
If you’ve followed every step mentioned in this tutorial then you should be able to fire up your Craft projects right away.
Both the methods require expertise in Craft CMS. You can connect with us here for further assistance and queries.